Total Entries: 13
Conflicts in and around India Friday, 5/17/02, 12:41 PM
Conflicts in and around India Himalayas and Central Asia military history of India indianmillinks.htm famous Sikh battles history of India indian military links the middle East east asia asia general
From: the Indian subcontinent
Web Site: Conflicts in and around India
The Dogras and the invasion of Tibet Friday, 5/17/02, 11:28 AM
The Dogras who form the hardy and loyal population of the hill regions of Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Jammu & Kashmir have a long tradition of soldiering. In the 1830s and 40s the Dogras were ruled by the militant Sikh Maharajahs of Jammu and Kashmir. They subjugated the Himalayan kingdom of Ladakh, and at one point attempted to push on further to take advantage of a power vacuum in Tibet. Though armed with firearms and cannon, where the Tibetans had at best very primitive muskets and at worst swords, spears and bows, the Dogras fell victim to the Tibetan winter. The much better prepared Tibetans were able to fall on the Dogras in midwinter and defeat them. The Dogras were pursued almost to the capital of Ladakh before the ill-advised affair was ended by treaty. Following the British victory in the Sikh Wars, the Dogras were in the service of the British some years as part of the Frontier Force. The Dogras formed into a regiment in 1887, and three Dogra Regiments were raised as part of the Bengal Infantry. During the World Wars, more Dogra battalions were added and after 1947 the Dogra Regiment gained further in the additional battalions as part of the Army's post-1962 expansion. The Dogra Scouts come under the aegis of the Dogra Regiment. The Regiment has earned respect as a disciplined and dependable group of Infantry. Enrolling in the army has long been the ambition and career motivation of the hill regions of the Dogras. The earnings from the military service have been well spent for over a century in the otherwise economically backward hill region of the Dogras. Soldiering has not only become a substantial part of the economic structure of the Dogra Hills, but created social and cultural traditions built on the people's association with the army.
From: Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Jammu & Kashmir
Web Site: The Dogras and the invasion of Tibet
The Maurya Empire Friday, 5/17/02, 10:56 AM
Web Site: The Maurya Empire
Punjabilok Friday, 11/30/01, 11:20 AM
Web Site: The first Anglo - Sikh War
Campaigns in the Punjab 1761-2 Friday, 11/30/01, 11:19 AM
Web Site: Campaigns in the Punjab 1761-2
First Anglo-Sikh War Friday, 11/30/01, 11:13 AM
Web Site: First Anglo-Sikh War
Second Anglo-Sikh War 1848-9 Friday, 11/30/01, 11:13 AM
Web Site: Second Anglo-Sikh War 1848-9
Itihaas Friday, 11/30/01, 11:10 AM
50 years of Independence. 5,000 years of history. This is India's story.
Web Site: India's story
Great Sikh warriors Friday, 11/30/01, 10:53 AM
Web Site: Great Sikh warriors
Sikh history Friday, 11/30/01, 8:09 AM
The Sikhs are a reformed sect of Punjabi Hindus which, to combat Muslim repression, set up an army called the Khalsa Dal in 1699. The Sikh Empire expanded until, under Ranjit Singh, it came to dominate NW India, even to the extent of semi- subjugating Pathan tribes in Hazara and elsewhere. The Empire was less wisely managed after his death, and came out the loser after challenging the British Raj in two 'Sikh Wars'. The second in 1848 was notable not only for the field battles on the plains of the Punjab, but also for the legendary guerilla campaigns fought by the Pathans against the Sikhs under the leadership of the equally legendary British political officers Abbott and Nicholson.
Web Site: Sikh history
Kamat Friday, 11/30/01, 7:54 AM
Web Site: Indian history timeline
Wellesley at Assaye Monday, 11/26/01, 10:12 AM
Web Site: Wellesley at Assaye
The north west frontier of India Friday, 11/23/01, 8:37 AM
The Pukhtoons, or Pathans as they are better known, resisted violently all attempts by the Sikhs and later the British to subjugate or turn them into docile and obedient members of an enslaved community. They offered stubborn resistance and Inspite of their meager means and resources, the Pukhtoons carried on an un-ending war for the preservation of their liberty. The British, proud of their glory and might, sent about one hundred expeditions one after the other against the Pukhtoons to subdue them by force but they did not yield to the enemy's military might. According to Col. H.C. Wylly 62 military expeditions were despatched against the tribesmen between 1849-1908, besides every day small skirmishes. These included the famous Ambela campaign 1863, the Black Mountain expedition 1868, the Miranzai expedition 1891, the Hassanzai expedition 1894, the Dir and Chitral expedition 1895, the Tirah campaign 1897, and the Mahsud-Waziri expeditions 1897. As a result of this aggressive policy the whole frontier, from Malakand to Waziristan, flared up in revolt against the British in 1897. The frontier rising of 1897 engaged about 98000 trained and well equipped British Indian forces in a grim struggle. According to Col. H.D. Hutchison, the approximate strength of the Tirah expeditionary force alone was "1010 British Officers, 10,882 British troops, 491 native officers, 22,123 native troops, 197 hospital Assistants, 179 clerks, 19,558 followers, 8000 horses, 18,384 mules and ponies and 1440 hospital riding ponies". But to these figures, he says, "must be added an enormous number of camels, carts, ponies etc working on the long line of communication with Kohat and gradually brought into use as needs increased and the roads were improved". The British forces suffered 1150 casualties during the Tirah expedition. Similar was the fate of other expeditions as well. The operations against Mohmand in 1915-16, and Wazirs and Mahsuds between 1917-1920 and 1936 Waziri campaign also deserve special mention. See also and
Web Site: The north west frontier of India
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